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The emergence of the novel avian influenza virus (H10N3) in China, 2020–a cause for concern?

  • Zhiqiang Wu
    Affiliations
    Heyuan Branch, Guangdong Provincial Laboratory of Lingnan Modern Agricultural Science and Technology, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China

    South China Collaborative Innovation Center for Poultry Disease Control and Product Safety, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China
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  • Jiajia Liu
    Affiliations
    Heyuan Branch, Guangdong Provincial Laboratory of Lingnan Modern Agricultural Science and Technology, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China

    South China Collaborative Innovation Center for Poultry Disease Control and Product Safety, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China
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  • Shunyan Chen
    Affiliations
    Heyuan Branch, Guangdong Provincial Laboratory of Lingnan Modern Agricultural Science and Technology, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China

    South China Collaborative Innovation Center for Poultry Disease Control and Product Safety, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China
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  • Hui Zhang
    Affiliations
    Heyuan Branch, Guangdong Provincial Laboratory of Lingnan Modern Agricultural Science and Technology, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China

    Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Vector Vaccine of Animal Virus, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China

    South China Collaborative Innovation Center for Poultry Disease Control and Product Safety, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China
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  • Yung-Fu Chang
    Affiliations
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, United States of America
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  • Xinheng Zhang
    Affiliations
    Heyuan Branch, Guangdong Provincial Laboratory of Lingnan Modern Agricultural Science and Technology, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China

    Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Vector Vaccine of Animal Virus, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China
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  • Qingmei Xie
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author. Qingmei Xie, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.
    Affiliations
    Heyuan Branch, Guangdong Provincial Laboratory of Lingnan Modern Agricultural Science and Technology, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China

    Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Vector Vaccine of Animal Virus, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China

    South China Collaborative Innovation Center for Poultry Disease Control and Product Safety, Guangzhou 510642, P.R.China
    Search for articles by this author
Published:February 03, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2022.01.041
      Previous studies have shown that the prevalence of avian influenza virus (AIV) severely impacts poultry farming. Even worse, AIV can infect mammals to threaten human health.
      • Gao R.
      • Zheng H.
      • Liu K.
      • Ji Z.
      • Genesis Liu X.
      Evolution and host species distribution of influenza a (H10N3) virus in China.
      H10 sub-serotype AIV, a low pathogenic strain, which is mainly present in wild waterfowl and infecting wild birds, can also infect a variety of poultry and mammals, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks, pigs, mink, etc.
      • Gao R.
      • Zheng H.
      • Liu K.
      • Ji Z.
      • Genesis Liu X.
      Evolution and host species distribution of influenza a (H10N3) virus in China.
      ,
      • Zhang J.
      • Huang L.
      • Chen Y.
      • Wang X.
      • Liao M.
      • Qi W.
      Avian influenza H10 subtype viruses continuously pose threat to public health in China.
      Recently, the emergence of the novel avian influenza virus (H10N3) in China had raised public health concerns globally, and Wang et al. confirmed the first case of human infection with H10N3 in Zhenjiang-Jiangsu Province, China, in 2021.
      • Wang Y.
      • Niu S.
      • Zhang B.
      • Yang C.
      • Zhou Z.
      The whole genome analysis for the first human infection with H10N3 influenza virus in China.
      In this study, to further trace the pathogen of human H10N3 infection in Zhejiang and Jiangsu Provinces, we tested and analyzed the poultry trachea, lung, and kidney tissue samples stored in our laboratory collected in our laboratory 2020.
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