Emergence of SARS-like coronavirus in China: An update

Published:March 13, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2020.03.010
      Recently, the emergence of the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China, has raised great concern all over the world and poses serious threat to global public health, as reported earlier in this journal [
      • Wang R.
      • Zhang X.
      • Irwin D.M.
      • Shen Y.
      Emergence of SARS-like coronavirus poses new challenge in China.
      ,
      • Tang J.W.
      • Tambyah P.A.
      • Hui D.S.C.
      Emergence of a novel coronavirus causing respiratory illness from Wuhan, China.
      . Before 2019, only six CoVs were reported to infect human beings: 1) HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63 and HKU1, associated with mild upper respiratory diseases; 2) SARS-CoV, causing an outbreak in 2002, and MERS-CoV, causing an outbreak in 2012, associated with infective manifestations in the lower respiratory tract and severe respiratory syndrome. COVID-19 outbreak in late December 2019 is the third coronavirus-related epidemic. The epidemic is currently in its full swing with the infected human beings accelerating. In the present report, we have comprehensively summarized the spread, prevention, control and research progress pertaining to the alarming epidemic.
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